Identification of unethical behaviour

Misconduct and unethical behaviour may be identified and brought to the attention of the editor and publisher at any time, by anyone.

Whoever informs the editor or publisher of such conduct should provide sufficient information and evidence in order for an investigation to be initiated.


An initial decision should be taken by the editor, who should consult with or seek advice from the publisher, if appropriate.

Evidence should be gathered, while avoiding spreading any allegations beyond those who need to know.

Minor breaches

Minor misconduct might be dealt with, without the need to consult more widely. In any event, the author should be given theopportunity to respond to any allegations.

Serious breaches

The editors, in consultation with the publisher or Society as appropriate, should make the decision about possible outcomes.

Outcomes (in increasing order of severity; may be applied separately or in conjunction)

Informing or educating the author or reviewer where there appears to be a misunderstanding or misapplication of acceptable standards.

A more strongly worded letter to the author or reviewer covering the misconduct and as a warning to future behaviour.

Publication of a formal notice detailing the misconduct.

Publication of an editorial detailing the misconduct.

Formal retraction or withdrawal of a publication from the conference proceedings.

Imposition of a formal embargo on contributions from an individual for a defined period.